Radiology VTNE Prep

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1

What is considered to be the "gold standard" in the diagnosis of lesions within the spinal canal?

MRI

2

True or False: During an X-ray, the technician is the most significant cause of scatter.

False

3

How does a bronchial lung pattern appear on a radiograph?

Rings and lines

4

Focal film distance is the distance between the targeted object and the X-ray detector's surface. For large animal radiology, what is the usual distance?

70 to 85 cm

5

An abdominal ultrasound of a cat or dog is performed with the patient in what position?

Dorsal recumbency

6

When viewing an ultrasound image, the veterinarian mentions that the structure in question is anechoic. What does the veterinarian mean by this?

The structure is dark and produces few, if any, echoes

7

Which of the following diagnostic imaging options is best suited for the evaluation of soft tissue?

MRI

8

Upper GI diagnostic imaging includes radiographs of what structures?

Esophagus and stomach

9

In terms of veterinary radiology, what is an artifact?

An insignificant mark on a radiograph

10

Which of the following is used to reduce the amount of scatter when taking radiographs?

Grid

11

True or False: An angiocardiogramis a radiograph of the heart and associated vessels that has been highlighted with an injectable radiopaque substance.

True

12

True or False: An echocardiogram uses sound waves in order to produce pictures of the heart

True

13

True or False: An intravenous pyelogram is used to diagnose abnormalities of the kidneys and ureters.

True

14

Which of the following radionuclides is used in thyroid scintigraphy?

Iodine

15

True or False: An alveolar lung pattern occurs when air is displaced from the alveolar space by cells or fluid.

True

16

How does a metal foreign body appear on a radiograph?

Bright white

17

What type of diagnostic imaging involves injecting radioactive substances to study the physiology of the body?

Nuclear scintigraphy

18

Which of the following will appear gray on a radiograph?

Fluid

19

Nuclear medicine is an alternative imaging modality used in veterinary medicine. What is the primary radionuclide administration route used?

IV

20

In regards to positioning a large animal for an examination of an extremity, what is needed in order to obtain a diagnostic study?

Two views at right angles

21

True or False: Medical ultrasound uses ultrasonic waves for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes.

True

22

What indicator is seen on radiographs that distinguishes cardiogenic from noncardiogenic pulmonary edema?

Venous distension

23

On an ultrasound, which of the following describes an isoechoic structure?

A structure that has the same opacity as surrounding tissues

24

Which of the following is an endoscopic exam of the ear?

Otoscopy

25

What is the purpose of a dosimeter badge?

To monitor exposure to radiation

26

MRI is very similar to a CT. How does an MRI differ from a CT?

A CT requires the use of ionizing radiation and an MRI does not

27

What are the four lung patterns seen on radiographs?

Bronchial, Vascular, Interstitial, and Alveolar

28

A veterinary technician is taking a radiograph of a patient's urinary tract. What type of films will the technician need to take prior to examinations?

VD and lateral films

29

What is the term used to describe an X-ray study that involves injection of a dye into the spinal column?

Myelogram

30

What is the term used to describe an X-ray study of the splenic and portal veins and their collateral vessels?

Splenoportogram

31

When a radiograph is conducted on a veterinary patient's esophagus, what preparation is needed?

Administer barium sulfate

32

How does negative contrast media appear on a radiograph?

Opaque black

33

How does positive contrast media appear on a radiograph?

Opaque white

34

True or False: Soft tissue diesases are easily identified through the use of radiographs.

False

35

One gray is equal to how many joules per kilogram?

1

36

Which of the following is an endoscopic exam of the nasal cavity?

Rhinoscopy

37

Veterinary technicians wear film badges in order to measure the amount of radiation they have been exposed to. According to the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, what is the maximum permissible dose of radiation an individual should be exposed to in a 13-week quarter?

1.25 rem

38

Which of the following is an endoscopic exam of the lower respiratory tract?

Bronchioscopy

39

On an abnormal ultrasound, which of the following conditions would result in a diffusely hyperechoic liver that is normal in size?

Hepatic lipidosis

40

A CT scan is used in veterinary medicine to conduct head and spinal exams. A CT scan requires an IV administration of an iodinated contrast for which of the following purposes?

To highlight vascular structures

41

What is the term used to describe variations of the same element?

Isotope

42

What is the unit of measure used by the International System of Units to measure the absorbed dose of ionizing radiation?

Gray

43

In regards to the X-ray development process, what removes undeveloped silver halide crystals and hardens the X-ray film?

Fixer

44

How does an interstitial lung pattern appear on a radiograph?

Hazy and indistinct

45

Which of the following structures is most significant in radiographs of juvenile animals?

Epiphyseal plates

46

Which of the following markers are always seen on radiographs taken in DV radiographs?

R (right) and L (left)

47

Which of the following is an endoscopic exam of the female reproductive tract?

Hysteroscopy

48

True or False: Alveolar lung patterns are most commonly seen in cases of bronchopneumonia or pulmonary edema.

True

49

Which of the following is an endoscopic exam of the urinary tract?

Cystoscopy

50

Which of the following is a packet of energy that has no mass or electrical charge and travels at the speed of light?

Photon


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