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Unit 6 study cards

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1
  1. Who was Washington’s secretary of treasury?

Alexander Hamilton

2
  1. What was Hamilton’s plan for the U.S.?
  2. Why did he create this plan?
  3. What war was the nation in debt from?
  1. Pay off war debt, raise gov’t revenue, create a national bank
  2. To create a stable economic system
  3. American Revolution
3
  1. Explain the part of the Constitution Hamilton used to defend the creation of the national bank?
  2. What did it mean?
  1. Elastic clause
  2. If it is “necessary and proper” than Congress can carry it out
4
  1. Why did the Democratic-Republicans oppose the national bank?
  2. Give 2 reasons

1-believed in a strict interpretation of the Constitution

2- believed it would only favor the wealthy

5
  1. What two things did Washington advise in his farewell address?
  2. Which of these two were followed by future presidents?
  1. avoid political parties, remain neutral
  2. remain neutral
6
  1. Why did the farmers in Pennsylvania rebel?
  2. What was the name of this rebellion?
  3. How did Washington respond?
  4. What did this show about the federal government?
  1. Being taxed on whiskey
  2. Whiskey Rebellion
  3. Sent out troops to put down the uprising
  4. Showed its authority by enforcing the law
7
  1. List the first two political parties created after Washington retired.
  2. Who were the leaders of each?

Democratic-Republicans- Jefferson and Madison

Federalists- Adams and Hamilton

8
  1. Name the issue President Adams faced with France.
  2. What did the agents demand from the US?
  3. How did Adams respond?
  4. What did Congress do?
  1. X,Y, Z Affair
  2. Pay loan of $10 million, pay bribe of $250,000
  3. He refused
  4. Canceled all treaties with France, seized French ships, set aside money to increase military
9
  1. What acts did Adams pass after the XYZ Affair?
  2. Why?

Alien and Sedition Acts

to silence the critics

10
  1. How did the Democratic-Republicans respond to the Alien and Sedition Acts?

States’ Rights

11
  1. Define states’ rights?
  2. What resolution did they originate from?
  1. States have rights that the federal government cannot violate
  2. Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions
12
  1. In terms of Jeffersonian Democracy, what kind of nation did he want?

A nation of small independent farmers

13
  1. Describe the Louisiana Purchase:
  2. Year:
  3. Who purchased:
  4. From which country:
  5. How much:
  6. What it did to the size of the U.S.:

1. 1803

2. Thomas Jefferson

3. France

4. $15 million

5. doubled the size of US

14
  1. In the landmark Supreme Court Case Marbury V. Madison, who was the Chief Justice?
  2. What precedent was established as a result of the ruling?
  1. John Marshall
  2. Judicial Review
15
  1. Define Judicial Review.

The power of the Supreme Court to determine the constitutionality of a law.

16
  1. What was the Embargo Act of 1807?
  2. Why did Jefferson pass it?
  3. Who did it hurt?
  1. A law passed by Jefferson to stop all trade with for nations
  2. To prevent war
  3. American merchants and farmers
17
  1. What were the causes of the War of 1812?
  2. List 4
  1. British furnished Native Americans with arms and encouraged them to attack settlers in the Northwest Territory
  2. British attacked US ships and impressed American sailors into service in their crews
  3. British seized American ships
  4. British fired on frigate Chesapeake, killing three American sailors
18
  1. What was saved when the White House was being burned by the British?
  2. Who saved it?
  3. What did it symbolize?
  1. Portrait of George Washington
  2. Dolly Madison
  3. American independence and perseverance
19
  1. Who wrote the poem “Defence at Fort McHenry”?
  2. What did this later become known as?
  1. Francis Scott Key
  2. Star Spangled Banner
20
  1. What battle made Andrew Jackson a national hero during the War of 1812?

Battle of New Orleans

21
  1. What treaty ended the War of 1812?

Treaty of Ghent

22
  1. What happened to U.S. manufacturing/industry and why?

Increase industrial production because of the disrupted European trade forcing to make many goods

23
  1. What is Monroe’s Presidency known as?
  2. What did this increase for the nation?
  1. Era of Good Feelings
  2. A sense of nationalism
24
  1. What did the Monroe Doctrine state?
  2. What wouldn’t the U.S. tolerate?
  3. How did the U.S. see itself?
  1. Declared that the American continents were forever free and independent European powers
  2. European intervention in Latin America/Western Hemisphere
  3. World power and protector of Latin American
25
  1. When did Florida become part of the U.S.?
  2. During whose presidency?
  3. What treaty?
  1. 1819
  2. Monroe
  3. Adams-Onis Treaty
26
  1. What are the issues and the rulings of the following two court cases? Gibbons v. Ogden:
  2. McCulloch V. Maryland:

Gibbons v. Ogden: Issue: steamship operators fought over shipping rights on the Hudson River

Ruling: only the federal gov’t has the power to regulate interstate commerce

McCulloch V. Maryland: Issue: Maryland to tax its branch of the national bank

Ruling: states cannot claim to have power over the federal government


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