Chapter 1 Concepts of Medical Terminology

Helpfulness: +2
Set Details Share
created 6 years ago by Annabelle
918 views
show moreless
Page to share:
Embed this setcancel
COPY
code changes based on your size selection
Size:
X
Show:
1

Medical terminology is based on what languages?

Based on Latin and Greek words

Muscle is Latin for ‘mouse’

Coccyx named for the cuckoo’s bill

2

Fundamental unit of each medical word
Establishes basic meaning of word
Part to which prefixes and suffixes are added

Root

3

Short word part or parts added to the end of a word
Modifies the meaning of the root
Indicated by a dash before (-itis)

Suffix

4

Short word part added before a root
Modifies the meaning of the root
Followed by a dash (pre-)

Prefix

5

Roots shown with a combining vowel are called?

Vowels added after a slash

Neur/o

Combining Forms

-logy = “study of”

Neur = “nerve or nervous system”

Neur/o

Neur + o + logy = neurology (study of the nervous system)

6

When you add a suffix to a word ending in x, the x is changed to a?

g or c

g = consonant before the x change to g

Ex. Pharynx (throat) becomes pharyngeal = pertaining to throat

c = vowel before the x change to c
Ex. thorax (chest) becomes thoracic = pertaining to chest

7

If there is a consonant before the x, the x is changed to a?

g

pharynx becomes pharyngeal

8

If a vowel comes before the x, the x is changed to a?

c

thorax becomes thoracotomy

9

When you add a suffix beginning with rh to a root, the r is?

doubled

Hem/o (blood) + -rhage (bursting forth) = hemorrhage (a bursting forth of blood)

10

abbreviation formed from first letter of each word in a phrase

Acronym =

ASAP = as soon as possible

FDA = Food and Drug Administration

11

A word that contains more than one root

Compound word

12

Vowels with no pronunciation marks get ______ pronunciation?

short

‘a’ as in hat
'e' as in get
'i' as in hit
'o' as in pot

13

Short line over vowel gives it ______ pronunciation?

long
‘ā’ as in say
‘ē’ as in pēte
‘ī’ as in kīte
‘ō’ as in tōne

14

indicated with capital letters
as in AK-sent

Accented syllable

15

Hard or soft?

racer

Soft c

(RĀ-ser)

16

Hard or soft?

candy

Hard c

(KAN-dē)

17

Hard or soft?

page

Soft g

written as j = (pāj)

18

Hard or soft?

grow

Hard g

(grō)

19

cervix

neck

20

®

right

21

cardi

heart

22

pulm

lung

23

-logy

“study of”

24

Neur

“nerve or nervous system”

25

Neur + o + logy

neurology

(study of the nervous system)

26

itis

inflammation

27

Neur + itis

neuritis (inflammation of a nerve)

28

Hem/o

blood

29

-rhage

bursting forth

30

Hem/o + -rhage

hemorrhage

a bursting forth of blood

31

gast/o

stomach


Related pages


slaves raised this crop in swampy areascampbell biology 9th edition chapter 1is the small intestine chemical or mechanical digestionwhat does the vastus medialis muscle dochemical digestion of protein begins in thedefinition of saddle jointone of the direct consequences of lactose intolerance is ______romeo and juliet test prepwhat are the three types of isomersexplain the proper technique for transporting the microscopechondroblastsbronchiole structurenitrogen bases rnaamino acids are the building blocks of which macromoleculesomatic nervous system examplesphysioex exercise 3 answersthalamic neurons that project to the primary sensory cortex arethe main function of the pentose phosphate pathway is toreceptors and effectorsanatomy and physiology muscles study guidefluctuating feversignal transduction amplificationwhich tissues have little to no functional regenerative capacitywhat is the abcd rule in anatomyecon vocabdescribe the phenotype and genotype of the f1 generation plantsthe mayflower compact of 1620 asserted thathow do electrons gain energy in photosystem itypes of hypersensitivity tablelymph tissue in throatcarl jung emphasized the importance of ________ in personality functioningvalve between right atrium and right ventriclehormones of the anterior pituitaryovarian ducthyperosmotic and hypoosmoticoccurs during prophase 1 of meiosisgeographic isolation biology definitionflame shaped hemorrhagesmedical and surgical bookwhich of the following is true about paranasal sinusesagonistic behavior definitionincrease vital capacitywhich measurement would help determine absolute dates by radiometric meansrepolarization of action potentialarticular capsule functionactivity intolerance nursing care planimmunocompetent lymphocytesall protists possesswhy is the left ventricle thicker than the right ventriclecombining form meaning bloodwhere is melanocytes locatedwhich equation represents the logistic growth rate of a populationgriffiths experimentveins carry oxygen rich bloodphysioex exercise 3 answerssituated farthest from the midlineabnormal urinary constituentsdescribe carbon dioxide transport in the bloodlateral supracondylar ridge of femurduring distance vision the ciliary muscle isanatomy and physiology integumentary system quizap bio chapter 25 reading guide answersend products of glycolysissuffix meaning resemblingamphibian embryo developmentdefining characteristics of birdsurinalysis quizlymphatic system vesselswhat does pals stand for in ffaaxial appendicular skeletonwhat is the role of tropomyosin in skeletal musclesfunction of rugae in stomachdifference between endangered and endemic speciesolaudah equiano quizpolysaccharides triacylglycerides and proteins are similar in that theyvalves of heister