Cancel
© 2016 start-seeking.ru
card-image

Chapter 16: endocrine system

Set Details Share
Helpfulness: +1
created 6 years ago by jjjanemarie
10,755 views

review questions

show more
1

The major stimulus for release of parathyroid hormone is:
a. hormonal
b. humoral
c. neural

b. humoral

2

The anterior pituitary secrets all but
a. antidiuretic hormone
b. growth hormone
c. gonadotropins
d. TSH

a. antidiuretic hormone

3

A hormone not involved in glucose metabolism is
a. glucagon
b. cortisone
c. aldosterone
d. insulin

c. aldosterone

4

Parathyroid hormone
a. increases bone formation and lowers blood calcium levels
b. increseas calcium excretion from the body
c. decreases calcium absorption from the gut
d. demineralizes bone and raises blood calcium levels

d. demineralizes bone and raises blood calcium levels

5

steroid hormone

aldosterone

6

secreted by the posterior pituitary (two choices)

antidiuretic
oxytocin

7

tropic hormone that stimulates the thyroid gland to secrete thyroid hormone

TSH

8

causes reabsorption of sodium ions by the kidneys

aldosterone

9

major metabolic hormone(s) of the body

T4 and T3

10

incresase uterine contractions during birth

oxytocin

11

tropic hormone that stimulates the gonads to secrete sex hormones

luteinizing hormone

12

stimulates milk production

prolactin

13

cause the kidneys to conserve water and/or salt
(two choices)

aldosterone
antidiuretic hormone

14

important anabolic hormone; many of its effects mediated by IGFs

growth hormone

15

A hypodermic injectionof epinphrine would

a. increase heart rate, increase blood pressure, dilate the bronchi of the lungs, and increase peristalis

b. decrease heart rate, decrease blood pressure, constrict the bronchi, and increase peristalsis

c. decrease heart rate, increase blood pressure, constrict the bronchi, and decrease peristalis

d. increase heart rate, increase blood pressure, dilate the bronchi, and decrease peristalsis

d. increase heart rate, increase blood pressure, dilate the bronchi, and decrease peristalsis

16

Testosterone is to the male as which hormone is to the female?
a. luteinizing hormone
b. progesterone
c. estrogen
d. prolactin

c. estrogen

17

If anterior pituitary secretion is deficient in a growing child, the child will
a. develop acromegaly
b. become a dwarf but have fairly normal body proportions
c. mature sexually at an earlier than normal age
d. be in constant danger of becoming dehydrated

b. become a dwarf but have fairly normal body proportions

18

If there is adequate carbohydrate intake, secretion of insulin results in
a. lower blood glucose levels
b. increased cell utilization of glucose
c. storage of glycogen
d. all of these

d. all of these

19

Hormones
a. are produced by exocrine glands
b. carried to all parts of the body in blood
c. remain at constant concentration in the blood
d. affect only non-hormone-producing organs

b. carried to all parts of the body in blood

20

Some hormones act by
a. increasing the synthesis of enzymes
b. converting an inactive enzyme into an active enzyme
c. affecting only specific target organs
d. all of these

d. all of these

21

Absence of thyroid hormone would result in
a. increased heart rate and increased force of heart contraction
b. depression of the CNS and lethargy
c. exophthalmos
d. high metabolic rate

b. depression of the CNS and lethargy

22

Medullary chromaffin cells are found in the
a. parathyroid gland
b. anterior pituitary gland
c. adrenal gland
d. pineal gland

c. adrenal gland

23

Atrial natriuretic peptide secreted by the heart has exactly the opposite function of this hormone secreted by the zona glmerulosa
a. antidiurectic hormone
b. epinephrine
c. calcitonin
d. aldosterone
e. androgens.

d. aldosterone

24

Define hormone.

no data

25

Which type of hormone receptor-plasma membrane bound or intracellular - would be expected to provide the most long-lived response to hormone binding and why?

no data

26

anterior pituitary
a. location
b. hormones produced

no data

27

pineal gland
a. location
b. hormones produced

no data

28

pancreas
a. location
b. hormones produced

no data

29

ovaries
a. location
b. hormones produced

no data

30

testes
a. location
b. hormones produced

no data

31

adrenal glands
a. location
b. hormones produced

no data

32

Name two endocrine glands (or regions) that are important in the stress response, and explain why they are important.

no data

33

The anterior pituitary is often referred to as the master endocrine organ, but it, too has a "master."

What controls the release of anterior pituitary hormones?

no data

34

The posterior pituitary is not really an endocrine gland. Why not?

no data

35

Endemic goiter is not really the result of a malfunctioing thyroid gland. What does cause it?

no data

36

How are the hyperglycemia and lipidemia of insulin deficiency linked?

no data

37

Name a hormone secreted by a muscle cell and two hormones secreted by neurons.

no data

38

List some problems that elderly people might have as a result of decreasing hormone production.

no data

39

We have a new patient to consider today. Mr. Gutterman, a 70-year-old male, was brought into the ER in a comatose state and has yet to come out of it. It is obvious that he suffered severe head trauma-- his scalp was badly lacerated, and he has an impated skul fracture. His initial lab tests (blood and urine) were within normal limits. His fracture was repaired and the folloing orders and others were given:

Check qh and record: spontaeous behavior, level of responsiveness, movements, pupil size and reaction to light, speech, and vital signs.

Turn patient q4h and maintain meticulous skin care and dryenss.

He is unconscious, the level of damage to his brain is unclear. Monitoring his responses and vital signs qh will provide information for his care providers about the extent of his injuries.

Turning q4h and providing careful skin care will prevent Decubs as well as stimulating his proprioceptive pathways.

40

On the second day of his hospitalization, the aide reports that Mr. Gutterman is breathing irregularly, his skin is dry and flaccid, and that she has emptied his urine reservoir several times during the day. Upon receiving this information, the MD ordered:

blood and urine tests for presence of glucose and ketones

strict I&O

Mr. Gutteman is found to be losing huge amounts of water in urine and the volume lost is being routinely replaced via IV line. Mr. Gutteman's blood and urine tests are negative for glucose and ketones.

What would you say Mr. Gutteman's hormonal problem is and what do you think caused it?

Ist life threatening?

His condition is termed diabetes insipidus, a condition in which insufficient quantities of antidiuretic hormone (ADH) are produced or released.
These types of patients excrete large volumes of urine but do not have glucose or ketones present in the urine.
The head trauma could have damaged his hypothalamus, chich produces the hormone, or injured his posterior pituitary gland, which produces the hormone, or injured his posterior pituitary gland.
Which releases ADH into the bloodstream.

It is not life threatening for most pple with normal thirst mechanism. However, he is unable to tell or preform the skill on his own, and to prevent dehydration on it's own.


Related pages


physiology of renal systempronunciation spanish alphabetzamboni competitorsa&p questions and answersendocrine gland at base of brainwhat is the smallest particle of a compoundmemorizing bones of the body5 s's of epwwhy is marian anderson famouslines the medullary cavitywhich molecules are produced in glycolysis and used in fermentationflattened membranes that package cellular substances for exportwhat does the term noise mean in marketingsympathetic blood vesselserv lungorgans in the lymphatic systemlabelled musclesantagonist of deltoidwhat is the relationship between climate and biomeshow are spinal nerves namedfetal circulation flow chartepithelial connective tissuecred latin rootchemical digestion of proteinliver triadhesi review booksheterozygous traitbutylene glycol pathwaypurpose of mordantblood within the pulmonary veins returns to thewhat is located in the thoracic cavitypotter and perry fundamentals of nursing 8th edition study guidewhat events occur during meiosiscorneal reflex nerveslipids subunitsbiology campbell 9th edition test bankbiology campbell and reecephlebotomy practice questionssurgical connection of two tubular structures isbranches of renal arteryheat resistant flaskdescribe how a spinal nerve exits from the vertebral columnspinal cord tracts made easymost common vocabulary words on the satchapter 8 the appendicular skeletontrypticasewhat color does acid turn litmusstatistics chapter 1 quizprintable ekg flashcardsappendicular skeletonconnective tissue coveringparts of a microscope and definitionsglobulins functionmasteringchemestryin prokaryotes how are binary fission and conjugation differentpolychronic culture definitionap biology chapter 29 reading guide answersbiggest artery in the bodyapush chapter 18total body water compartmentsrain in the tundrafuse to form the coxal bone hip bonelocation of ischiumskeletal muscle cell organellesbehavior therapy is grounded inmastering anatomy and physiology access codeblood flow through veins and arterieschapter 10 medical terminologyif two lines are perpendicular which statement must be truethree smaller pyrimidine basesin close vision and bright light the pupil will dilateclock flashcardsthe giver vocabulary by chapterprocess of transcription in prokaryotesblood culture bottles order of drawseparates the dna strands during replicationwhat hormone does the stomach producecircadian pronouncelord of the flies quizesthe knee jerk reflex is an example of a