90 notecards = 23 pages (4 cards per page)
1) Compounds with the -OH group attached to a saturated alkane-like
carbon are known as
2) Compounds with an oxygen atom bonded to two organic groups are
3) None of the following organic compounds is very likely to form
hydrogen bonds except
4) Alcohols, ethers, and phenols can be considered organic
derivatives of the inorganic compound
5) Which molecule shown is an ether?
6) What is the inorganic compound that can be considered the structural basis for alcohols and ethers? Discuss two ways in which the physical properties of alcohols and ethers are similar to properties of this compound.
Answer: Alcohols and ethers can be considered to be derivatives of
water. Similar physical properties include:
7) The alcohol which contains only one carbon atom and has the common
name of wood alcohol is
8) The common name of CH3OH is
9) The alcohol which contains two carbon atoms and has the common
name of grain alcohol is
10) The common name of CH3CH2OH is
11) The molecule with three carbon atoms with an -OH group on each,
and used as a moisturizer is
12) The common name of CH2(OH)CH2OH is
13) Rubbing alcohol is a solution of
14) Which of the following is commonly known as glycerol?
15) Which molecule shown is a glycol?
16) The common name of 1,2-ethanediol is
17) The common name of CH3CH(OH)CH3 in water solution is
18) What is the IUPAC name of the compound shown?
19) The IUPAC name of the alcohol shown is
20) What is the IUPAC name of the compound shown?
21) The name of the alcohol shown is
22) What is the systematic name for the following compound?
23) What is the IUPAC name of the compound shown?
24) Compounds of the type R3C-OH are referred to as ________
25) Compounds of the type R2CH-OH are referred to as ________
26) Compounds of the type RCH2-OH are referred to as ________
27) Which compound is a tertiary alcohol?
28) Which molecule shown is a primary alcohol?
29) The molecule shown is a ________ alcohol because ________.
A) primary; it has one -OH group
30) Which molecule shown is a secondary alcohol?
31) An alcohol is classified as primary, secondary or tertiary based
32) Which molecule shown is a tertiary alcohol?
33) How many isomeric alcohols exist with the formula C4H10O
34) The relatively high boiling point of alcohols in relation to
their molecular weights is the result of
35) All of the following properties of alcohols are affected by
hydrogen bonding except
36) Which compound is the most soluble in water?
37) Which compound is the least soluble in water?
38) Which compound has the lowest boiling point?
39) Which of the following would at best be only very slightly
soluble in water?
40) Which compound would have the highest boiling point?
41) Which compound has the highest boiling point?
42) Which of the following is the most soluble in water?
43) Which of the following is the most soluble in water?
44) Which of the following would be the least soluble in
45) Which compound has the lowest boiling point?
46) Which compound has the highest boiling point?
47) Which compound would you expect to have the lowest boiling
48) Which alcohol is most soluble in water?
49) Describe and explain the change in water solubility of straight-chain primary alcohols as molar mass increases.
Answer: As the molar mass of these alcohols increases, the water solubility decreases. This occurs because the polarity of the hydroxyl group, which is the reason for the interaction with the polar water molecules, becomes less important as the size of the nonpolar hydrocarbon portion of the molecule increases.
50) The product of dehydration of an alcohol is an
51) Oxidation of an alcohol group results in formation of a(an)
52) The symbol [O] written above a reaction arrow means
53) Oxidation of R2CHOH will produce
54) Oxidation of a tertiary alcohol will produce
55) Treatment of CH3CH2CH2OH with a limited amount of oxidizing agent
56) Treatment of CH3CH2OH with an excess amount of oxidizing agent
57) Gentle oxidation of a primary alcohol will produce
58) Gentle oxidation of a secondary alcohol will produce
59) Strong oxidation of a primary alcohol will produce
A) an aldehyde.
60) Which of the following would be the product of the oxidation of 2-methyl-3-pentanol?
61) Treatment of the molecule shown with a strong oxidizing agent will produce
A) an aldehyde.
62) Which of the following alcohols would not be able to be oxidized with any type of oxidizing agent?
63) Treatment of the molecule shown with a dehydrating agent will produce
A) an aldehyde.
64) The major product obtained from dehydration of 2-hexanol
65) Which alcohol should be used to produce 2-methyl-3-pentene by
66) The major product resulting from the dehydration of
67) Which of the following is the major product formed from dehydration of the following alcohol?
68) What is the product of the oxidation of a secondary
69) Oxidation reactions are defined differently in organic chemistry than they are in inorganic chemistry. Give the definition of both and explain their similarities.
Answer: The inorganic definition of oxidation is loss of electrons. The organic definition is formation of additional bonds between carbon and oxygen (or a decrease in the number of carbon-hydrogen bonds). These are similar because when carbon forms a bond with electronegative oxygen, it essentially loses some of its attraction for its electrons.
70) The simplest aromatic alcohol, recognized by its strong medicinal
odor and used as a disinfectant is
71) Which compound is sometimes called carbolic acid?
72) Compounds with the -OH group attached to an aromatic ring are
73) Which molecule would be considered a derivative of phenol?
74) Which molecule would be the most acidic?
75) When phenol acts as an acid, a ________ ion is produced.
76) The molecule CH3CH2CH2OCH2CH3 can be classified as
77) All of the following are properties of ethers except
78) What is the IUPAC name of the compound shown?
79) Ether molecules are polar, but do not form hydrogen bonds with
other ether molecules because
80) What is the systematic name of the following compound?
A) 2-methoxy propane
81) Organic compounds which are sulfur analogs of alcohols are referred to as
A) sulfuric alcohols.
82) Which property of thiols makes them useful as additives to
83) The reaction conditions which would result in formation of
disulfides from thiols are
84) What is the IUPAC name of the compound shown?
85) When a thiol is oxidized the product is
86) The most characteristic feature of thiols is ________
87) What is the IUPAC name of the compound shown?
88) What is the IUPAC name for the compound shown?
89) Give the IUPAC name for the following compound:
A) 1,2-dibromo-1-methyl butane
90) All of the following can be classified as alkyl halides