CHAPTER 4 Tissue: The Living Fabric
1) Which of the following is not found in the matrix of cartilage but is in bone?
A) live cells
C) blood vessels
D) organic fibers
2) The reason that intervertebral discs exhibit a large amount of tensile strength to absorb shock
is because they possess ________.
A) hydroxyapatite crystals
B) collagen fibers
C) reticular fibers
D) elastic fibers
3) The presence of lacunae, calcium salts, and blood vessels would indicate ________.
A) cartilage tissue
B) fibrocartilaginous tissue
C) osseous tissue
D) areolar tissue
4) Hyaline cartilage is different from elastic or fibrocartilage because ________.
A) it is more vascularized
B) it contains more nuclei
C) fibers are not normally visible
D) it has more elastic fibers
5) Epithelial tissue ________.
A) is highly vascularized
B) has a basement membrane
C) is usually acellular
D) contains a number of neuron types
6) Which of the following would be of most importance to goblet cells and other glandular
B) Golgi bodies
D) multiple nuclei
7) Mammary glands exhibit a glandular type called ________.
A) simple tubular
B) compound tubular
C) simple alveolar
D) compound alveolar
8) Simple columnar epithelium of the digestive tract is characterized by ________.
A) dense microvilli
B) a rich vascular supply
9) Pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelium ________.
A) lines the respiratory tract
B) aids in digestion
C) possesses no goblet cells
D) is not an epithelial classification
10) A single-celled layer of epithelium that forms the lining of serous membranes is ________.
A) simple transitional
B) simple columnar
C) simple squamous
D) simple cuboidal
11) Which statement best describes connective tissue?
A) usually contains a large amount of matrix
B) always arranged in a single layer of cells
C) primarily concerned with secretion
D) usually lines a body cavity
12) Matrix is ________.
A) cells and fibers
B) fibers and ground substance
C) ground substance and cells
D) composed of all organic compounds
13) Cell types likely to be seen in areolar connective tissue include all except: ________.
D) mast cells
14) The tissue type that arises from all three embryonic germ layers is ________.
A) epithelial tissue
B) connective tissue
C) nervous tissue
D) muscle tissue
15) The fiber type that gives connective tissue great tensile strength is ________.
16) Organized groups of cells (plus their intercellular substances) that have a common purpose
form a(n) ________.
D) organ system
17) The shape of the external ear is maintained by ________.
A) adipose tissue
B) elastic cartilage
C) hyaline cartilage
18) Inability to absorb digested nutrients and secrete mucus might indicate a disorder in which
A) simple squamous
C) simple columnar
D) stratified squamous
19) Glands, such as the thyroid, that secrete their products directly into the blood rather than
through ducts are classified as ________.
20) Which of the following is true about epithelia?
A) Simple epithelia are commonly found in areas of high abrasion.
B) Stratified epithelia are associated with filtration.
C) Endothelium provides a slick surface lining all hollow cardiovascular organs.
D) Pseudostratified epithelia are commonly keratinized.
21) Chondroblasts ________.
A) are mature cartilage cells located in spaces called lacunae
B) within the cartilage, divide and secrete new matrix
C) located deep to the perichondrium divide and secrete new matrix on the internal
portions of the cartilage
D) never lose their ability to divide
22) ________ epithelium appears to have two or three layers of cells, but all the cells are in contact
with the basement membrane.
A) Stratified cuboidal
B) Stratified columnar
D) Pseudostratified columnar
23) A multilayered epithelium with cuboidal basal cells and flat cells at its surface would be
classified as ________.
A) simple cuboidal
B) simple squamous
D) stratified squamous
24) An epithelial membrane ________.
A) usually involves transitional epithelium
B) is formed of epithelium and smooth muscle
C) contains simple or stratified epithelia and a basement membrane
D) never contains mucus-forming cells
25) Multicellular exocrine glands can be classified ________.
A) structurally into alveolar and acinar types
B) structurally into vascular and avascular types
C) functionally into merocrine, holocrine, and apocrine divisions
D) functionally into secreting or nonsecreting types
26) Which of the following is true about the mode of secretion of exocrine glands?
A) Merocrine glands are not altered by the secretory process.
B) Apocrine cells are destroyed, then replaced after secretion.
C) Holocrine cells are slightly damaged by the secretory process, but repair themselves.
D) These glands are ductless.
27) Which of these is not considered connective tissue?
28) What are glycosaminoglycans?
A) positively charged proteins
B) negatively charged proteins
C) positively charged polysaccharides
D) negatively charged polysaccharides
29) Which is true concerning muscle tissue?
A) highly cellular and well vascularized
B) cuboidal shape enhances function
C) contains contractile units made of collagen
D) is a single-celled tissue
30) The first step in tissue repair involves ________.
A) replacement of destroyed tissue by the same kind of cells
B) proliferation of fibrous connective tissue
D) formation of scar tissue
31) Select the correct statement regarding multicellular exocrine glands.
A) Compound glands are so called because they are constructed from more than one cell
B) The secretory cells of holocrine glands release their product by rupturing.
C) Exocrine glands always lack ducts.
D) Merocrine glands release their secretion by pinching off part of the cell.
32) The three main components of connective tissue are ________.
A) ground substance, fibers, and cells
B) alveoli, fibrous capsule, and secretory cells
C) collagen, elastin, and reticular fibers
D) fibroblasts, chondroblasts, and osteoblasts
33) Which of the following statements is true of connective tissue?
A) Elastin fibers are sometimes called white fibers.
B) When connective tissue is stretched, collagen gives it the ability to snap back.
C) Collagen fibers provide high tensile strength.
D) Reticular fibers form thick, ropelike structures.
34) Select the correct statement regarding the cells of connective tissue.
A) Connective tissue does not contain cells.
B) Connective tissue cells are nondividing.
C) Chondroblasts are the main cell type of connective tissue proper.
D) ʺBlastʺ cells are undifferentiated, actively dividing cells.
35) Select the correct statement regarding tissue repair.
A) Granulation tissue is highly susceptible to infection.
B) Inflammation causes capillaries to dilate and become permeable.
C) Granulation tissue is another name for a blood clot.
D) The clot is formed from dried blood and transposed collagen fibers.
36) Select the correct statement regarding epithelia.
A) Simple epithelia form impermeable barriers.
B) Stratified epithelia are tall, narrow cells.
C) Stratified epithelia are present where protection from abrasion is important.
D) Pseudostratified epithelia consist of at least two layers of cells stacked on top of one
37) Select the correct statement regarding adipose tissue.
A) It is composed mostly of extracellular matrix.
B) Its primary function is nutrient storage.
C) Mature adipose cells are highly mitotic.
D) Most of the cell volume is occupied by the nucleus.
38) ________ are commonly found wedged between simple columnar epithelial cells.
A) Goblet cells
B) Mast cells
39) Select the correct statement regarding factors that affect the tissue repair process.
A) The type of tissue injured is not an important factor.
B) Nutrition does not seem to influence tissue repair.
C) The age of the person is a factor in the repair process.
D) The health of an individual does not seem to make any difference in the speed of repair
40) In adults, new surface epithelial cells and the epithelial cells lining the intestine are derived
A) mitotic division of existing epithelial cells
B) stem cells
C) underlying epithelial cells
D) components of the connective tissue
41) What would be a substance you would expect to find expelled from a compound alveolar
D) salivary fluid
42) Mesenchymal cells are most commonly found in ________ connective tissue.
B) dense regular
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