Texas Govt. Chapter 2 Review Questions
1. Define Federalism. Explain the difference
between delegated & reserved powers and give
examples of each. What is the importance of
Article I, Section 8 and the 10th Amendment
in the Constitution?
Federalism - A system of government in which
power is divided between a central authority
and constituent political units
Delegated Powers: the powers the Constitution
gives the national govt.(ex. declare war,
coin $, enter into treaties, & raise armies)
Reserved Powers: The powers that belong to the
state due to the 10th Amendment(ex. conduct
elections, provide for the public health and
safety, ratify const. Amendment, & establish
& provide for local govt.)
Importance of Article I, Section 8: controversial
section of the US Constitution as to how you
read it and interpret it
Importance of 10th Amendment: Gives all other
powers (not delegated to the national govt.
nor prohibited to the states) to the states
2. Define & give examples of exclusive and concurrent powers. What is the significance of the implied powers clause or the necessary and proper clause? Explain how the national govt. has used the necessary & Proper clause and Commerce Clause to expand the scope of its power.
Exclusive Powers: Powers that can only be executed
by the federal government.(ex:Raising an Army,Creating Post Offices)
Concurrent Powers: powers that are shared by both
the federal and state governments.(ex:Borrow Money,Creating Courts)
Implied Power Clause: also known as the Elastic
Clause is put in place to cover or stretch
beyond what is written to allow congress to
cover all unwritten powers
Necessary & Proper Clause: This clause permits
Congress to make laws that are
deemed “necessary and proper” for the
execution of its enumerated powers.
McCulloch v. Maryland(1819)- arguing that national govt. was not given to power to create national bank. US Supreme Court ruled it was constitutional if the power they executed ending result would fall under National power.