Medical Terminology Chapter 1, Basic word structure
Beginning or middle of word - gives the meaning of the word
Always connects the word root to the suffix and root words to root words. Only exception is if the suffix starts with a vowel.
Deciphering the medical terms meaning.
Start by deciphering the meaning of parts of the word, Then read them beginning with the suffix meaning, then read from the beginning of the roots from left to right.
The root word plus its combining vowel.
Ex: Electro/o Cardi/o
Gram- Record of, Electro- the electricity of, cardio- the heart.
is word put before the root words, can change the meaning of the terms.
Read: Meaning of medical words from the suffix to the beginning of the words and then across.
Drop: the combining vowel before a suffix that starts with a vowel
Keep: the combining vowel between word roots, even if the second root begins with a vowel.
means tumor or mass
Discharge from the ear
inflammation of the ear
relating to or located below the epidermis
Outer layer of skin (can be divided into four strata)
The study of the skin
surgical incision into the eardrum (to relieve pressure or release pus from the middle ear)
surgical repair of the eardrum
of or relating to the eye (or sense of sight)
medical instrument for examining the retina of the eye
absence of the natural lens of the eye;usually resulting from the removal of cataracts
Pertaining to hair follicles and sebaceous glands.
disease of the retina
compulsive eating of hair
pertaining to under the nail
Nail disease; nail conditions that show signs of infection or inflammation
absence of hair from areas where it normally grows
patch test; scratch test
bacterial and fungal tests
samples from skin lesions are examined to detect presence of microorganisms
abnormal noise such as ringing or buzzing in the ears
microscopic examination of the anterior eye structures; such as the cornea, under intense light
skin lesions are removed and sent to a pathology lab for microscopic examination
visual examination of the ear to the eardrum
visual examination of the interior of the eye
pigmental lesion on the skin; mole
malignant tumor of pigmented cells in the skin
increase in pressure within the chamber at the front of the eye
a dye is injected intravenously and movement of blood through blood vessels is the back of the eye is observed with an ophthalmoscope.
inflammation of the mucous membrane lining the inner surface of the eyelid
clouding of the lens of the eye causing impairment of vision
tuning fork tests
a vibration source is placed in front of the opening of the ear to test air conduction of sound waves
retin/o; posterior, sensitive cell layer of the eye
phak/o; lens of the eye
derm/o, dermat/o, cutane/o