Quiz 4 Bio
What are the names for the turtle’s “back” and “chest”? How are they joined?
What is the bone to scute ratio for each part of the shell?
-carapace= 50 bones, 26 scutes
-plastron= 11 bones, 12 scutes
The female turtle has a secondary accessory bladder containing water.
What is this bladder used for?
What is unique about the pectoral and pelvic girdles of the turtle?
-wetting ground when laying eggs
- both inside the rib cage
How many chambers do turtle hearts have?
What can be found in the ventricle and what is its function?
-incomplete septum; separate oxygenated and deoxygenated blood
What is another name for the pigeon’s crop?
What is the glandular portion of the stomach called?
The muscular portion?
Describe the pigeons heart.
Where does the right atrium receive blood from? Where does the left atrium receive blood from?
-4 chambered (.5)
-body or vena cava
What is the name for the bird’s skin flaps?
Give the male reproductive pathway.
-testis->epididymis->vas deferens-seminal vesicles->cloaca
What adaptations do the pigeons’ lungs have? (be specific)
What portion of the kidney are the testes next to?
-small and efficient, have air sacs to store air like balloons
Explain why the frog’s tongue is forked.
Give the male frogs reproductive pathway.
-so it doesn’t cover the glottis and choke the frog
-testis –> vasa efferentia –> kidneys –> ureters –> seminal vesicles –> cloaca
What is unique about the mode of respiration in softshell turtles?
Where are the kidneys in the turtle and what is their function?
-they can exchange gases through areas of their skin, cloaca, and throat.
-behind the carapace, filter nitrogenous waste from blood
What is unique about a turtles sense of hearing? What does the turtle possess to compensate for its carnivorous diet (digestively speaking)
-respond to vibrations, but cannot hear well.
-Strong digestive enzymes
What physical trait do pigeons possess that demonstrate their possible ancestors?
Give the classification for the pigeon
-Birds also have scales on their legs
What are the classes of the frog, pigeon, and turtle?
What other organism has the same class as these three organisms?
-Amphibia, aves, reptilia
What is the large bone that separates the thick musculature of the chest in the pigeon?
Where does the blood received by the right heart of the pigeon go?
-rest of the body
How many kidneys does the pigeon have, and name the segments it is divided into
-cranial, middle, and caudal.
According to the packet, what part of the oviduct in the pigeon is mentioned to take part in secreting the shell membrane?
How many parts of the oviduct are visible? What do the testes of the pigeonempty sperm into?
-The isthmus, vagina
How many lobes does the urinary bladder of the frog have?
What female specific organ does the male frog have present? (it is a vestigial structure in the male)
What is the layer of epithelium that completely covers the vicera?
What is the shiny layer of epithelium that completely covers the coelem?
Name the digestive pathway for the pigeon.
Besides storage of red and white blood cells, and the degradation of old red blood cells, what other function does the spleen of the frog do?
-esophagus –> crop –> proventriculus –>
gizzard ->small intestine –> large intestine –> cloaca
-it is the major site for the production of anibodies
What remarkable ability does the turtles shell have if injured?
How do prominent growth rings form?
-It can regenerate.
-a new layer of keratin is added under the existing layer of keratin.