Anatomy 1 exam Skeleton
Union of 4 Cranial Bones:
There is a BV located in the anterior division of the middle meningeal artery
forms the axis of the body
Axial Skeletal System
-Bones of the Vertebral column
-Bones of Ears
Axial Skeletal System Includes:
Bones of the upper and lower extremities
-Hip Bones (2)
Appendicular Skeletal System Includes:
Two curvatures of the vertebral column
Primary curvature: there from birth
Develops after birth
2 Degree (Concave)
1 Degree (Convex)
2 Degree (Concave)
1 Degree (Convex)
1 Degree (Convex)
The facet joint
Superior and Inferior articular face articulate and form:
Open hole in vertabra in which the spinal nerves run through
Posterior: Facet Joint
Superior and Inferior: Pedicles
Anterior: Body and Intervertebral Disc
Structures that bound the Intervertebral Foramen
In the posterior portion of the vertebra
The spinous process and the Transverse are located:
In between the spinous and transverse process
The lamina is located:
the superior articular facet of the next vertebra
The inferior articular facet articulates with:
The area in between the body of the vertebra and the processes:
On the anterior portion of the vertebra
The body of the vertebra is located:
In the intervertebral notch
The intervertebral foramen forms where:
At the superior end of the manubrium between medial ends of the two clavicles
The Sternal Notch is located:
from its medial end at the sternoclavicular joint to its lateral end at the acromioclavicular joint
The clavical is located:
Inferiorly to the lateral part of the clavicle
The caracoid process of the scapula is located:
The breast plate
Sternum is also known as:
Between the ribs
The sternum is located:
A "sword like" pointed process
Xiphoid process is:
At the inferior end of the sternum
The Xiphoid process is located:
The lateral bump on the distal end of the humerus
The Lateral epicondyle of the humerus is/located:
The medial bump on the distal end of the humerus
The Medial epicondyle of the humerus is/located:
The boney knob just distal to the lateral epicondyle of the humerus.
-with the elbow extended, it can be felt rolling with supination and pronation
The head of the radius is/located:
The medial carpal bone at distal skin crease on anterior wrist.
The psiform is and located:
Posteriorly to the vertebra and Anteriorly to the sternum
The ribs attach:
Number 1 - 7
They articulate directly with the sternum
The true ribs are:
They have indirect articulation with the sternum
The false ribs are:
The floating ribs are:
The joint where the superior end of the manubrium of sternum joins the medial/proximal end of the clavicle
The sternoclavicular joint is:
The joint where the acromion of scapula joins with the lateral/distal end of the clavicle
The acromialclavicular joint is:
On the lateral angle of the scapula and is the site where the head of the humerus connects.
The Glenoid Fossa is loacted:
The joint where the glenoid fossa articulates with the head of the humerus
The glenohumeral joint is:
The area located between the head of the humerus and the tubercles
The anatomical neck of the humerus is:
located just below the tubercles of the humerus.
-where most fractures occur.
The surgical neck is:
The Radial Fossa
a shallow depression on the anterior, distal portion of the humerus
and lateral to the coronoid fossa.
-Where the head of the radius rests when the elbow is in extreme flexion.
The Coronoid Fossa is:
a depression on the anterior, distal portion of the humerus and
medial to the radial fossa.
- Where the coronoid process of the ulna rests when the elbow is flexed.
The "U" shape formed by the clavicles attaching to the top of the sternum
The sternal notch is:
3. Xyphoid Process
What are the three parts of the sternum?
On the superior portion of the sternum.
-Superior to the body and xiphoid process.
Where is the manubrium located?
In the center of the sternum.
- Inferior to the manubrium
- Superior to the xiphoid process
Where is the Body of the sternum located
On the inferior portion of the sternum
-Inferior to the manubrium and body.
Where is the xiphoid process located?
Medially to the Radius
The ulna is located:
At the proximal end of the Ulna
The olecranon process is located:
The triceps tendon
What inserts to the olecranon process?
At the distal end of the Ulna
The head of the ulna is located:
Laterally to the ulna
The radius is located:
At the proximal end of the radius
The head of the radius is located:
What inserts on the radial tuberosity?
-8 of them
5 of them
-#1 starts at the thumb, #5 ends at the pinky
-14 of them
-Proximal, Middle, and Distal
-The thumb only has the Proximal and Distal
The scaphoid and lunate
What bones articulate with the distal end of the Radius?
What bones articulate with the distal end of the ulna?
What is the most frequently fractured carpal bone?
What is the most frequently dislocated fracture bone?
(Palmer view) distal to the radius and lateral to the lunate
The scaphoid bone is located:
(Palmer view) Distal to the radius and medial to the scaphoid
The lunate bone is located:
The hip bone
The iliac crest is also known as:
from the anterior superior iliac spine to the posterior superior
-A long curved ridge along the border of the ilium
The iliac crest is located:
an anterior bump at the end of the iliac crest on the anterior surface
The anterior superior iliac spine is:
Surgical Neck of Humerus
Shaft of Humerus
Medial epicondyle of Humerus
Neck of fibula
Common Peroneal Nerve
the integrity of the motor system
The deep tendon reflexes are tested to assess
(tibial tuberosity) patellar tendon for quadriceps muscle
Achilles tendon for gastrocnemius muscle
Neck of the Fibula
The common peroneal nerve is located near:
Lateral to the ischial tuberosity and medial to the greater trochanter of the femur.
The sciatic nerve is located:
posterior from sacrum
Hip Bone articulates
A large boney prominence on the lateral proximal thigh at the hip joint
The greater trochanter of the femur is:
The anterior midline joint of the pelvic girdle
The pubic symphysis is:
The distal enlargement on the medial side of the femur
The Medial epicondyle of the femur is:
The distal enlargement on the lateral side of the femur
The lateral epicondyle of the femur is:
The knee cap is also known as:
The bump on the superior end of the fibula, inferior to the lateral epicondyle of the femur
The head of the fibula is:
The large bump on the proximal, anterior part of the tibia, inferior to the patella
The tuberosity of the tibia is:
A sharp margin below the tibial tuberosity.
-It can be palpated its entire length.
The anterior shaft of the tibia is
The medial "ankle bone"
-Located at the distal end of tibia
The medial Malleolus is:
The lateral "ankle bone"
-located at the distal pointed end of the fibula.
The Lateral malleolus is: