Abnormal Past and Present
Treatment or Therapy
Systematic procedure designed to change abnormal behavior into more normal behavior.
ancient operation in which a stone instrument was used to cut away a circular section of the skull
bodily chemicals that influence mental and physical functioning
type of institution that became popular in the sixteenth century to provide care for persons with mental disorders
approach to treating people with mental dysfunction that emphasized moral guidance and humane respectful treatment
state-run public mental institutions in the united states
the view that abnormal psychological functioning has physical causes
the view that the chief causes of abnormal functioning are psychological
Who was considered the founding father of psychopathology?
Who developed humane approaches to treatment?
Who made humane care a public concern in the United States?
Procedure that places people in a trancelike mental state during which they become extremely suggestible.
drugs that mainly affect the brain and reduce many symptoms of mental dysfunction
Releasing hundreds of thousands of patients from mental hospitals
an arrangement in which a person directly pays a therapist for counseling services
interventions aimed at deterring mental disorders before they develop.
the study and enhancement of positive feelings, traits, and abilities.
field that examines the impact of culture, race, ethnicity, gender, and similar factors on our behaviors and thoughts.
managed care program
a system of health care coverage in which the insurance company largely controls the nature, scope, and cost of medical or psychological services
the process of systematically gathering and evaluating information through careful observations to gain an understanding of a phenomenon
a detailed account of a person's life and psychological problems
the degree to which events of characteristics vary along with each other
(positive, negative, unrelated)
a research procedure used to determine how much events or characteristics vary along with each other.
measures the incidence and prevalence of a disorder in a given population
observes the same participants on many occasions over a long period of time
a research procedure in which a variable is manipulated and the effect of the manipulation is observed
variable in an experiment that is manipulated to determine whether it has an effect on another variable
variable in an experiment that is expected to change as the independent variable is manipulated
a variable other than the independent that is also acting on the dependent variable
a group of participants who are not exposed to the independent variable
the participants who are exposed to the independent variable under investigation
a selection procedure that ensures that participants are randomly placed either in the control group or in the experimental group.
an experiment in which participants do not know whether they are in the experimental or control condition
investigators make use of control and experimental groups that already exist in the world at large
nature, rather than experimenter, manipulates an independent variable
the investigator produces abnormal-like behavior in laboratory participants and then conducts studies on the participants.
single-subject experimental design (ABAB)
research method in which a single participant is observed and measured both before and after the manipulation of an independent variable