soa study packet for exam 1
Many news sources attribute the beginning of the Tunisian revolution and the Arab Spring to the death of Mohamed Bouazizi, who set himself on fire before a government office as a form of protest. In the textbook, Ritzer says that sociologists would:
c. disagree. Political and economic preconditions led to Arab Spring.
Mohamed Bouazizi’s public suicide was a spark that set in motion the revolution in Tunisia, which spread throughout much of the Middle East. The author uses this to demonstrate what important lesson that can be learned from studying sociology?
a. Individual thought and action is influenced by groups, culture, and society
An important lesson in sociology exemplified by the introductory story about how the Arab Spring began is to show the impact that an individual can have on societal structures and processes. The idea that a person can impact large-scale structures is called:
c. the butterfly effect
The introduction of mobile phones, and their widespread use by individuals all over the world, has influenced all kinds of factors, including car accident rates, dinner etiquette, and how freshman college students communicate with their parents. This is an example of:
b. the butterfly effect
The mass introduction of high-speed internet has allowed people around the world to obtain information faster than ever before. It has influenced many factors around the globe, including how people meet through networks and how often people can communicate. Sociology would point to high-speed internet as an example of:
a. the butterfly effect
The main focus of sociology is:
c. to study how people affect and are affected by social structures and social processes
Sociology was founded in the eighteenth and nineteenth century, when the study of __________________ became a special focus of attention.
b. the Industrial Revolution
_____________ sociology collaborates outside of academia with practical problems, addressing a wide range of social issues that concern local, national, and global groups.
Sociologists are interested in the development of a new “_____________” economy, where businesses such as Uber, Airbnb.com, and others are a growing model for providing services using technology.
According to the author, George Ritzer, no social change is as important today as _______________.
During the increase of globalization, what effect has social structures had on the flow of products and information?
c. Social structures exist to both increase and limit global flows
When globalization increases negative flows, such as spreading diseases or pollution, it is called:
b. deviant globalization
The rise in credit card debt from 1969 to the present day is used as evidence of what trend?
c. The dramatic increase in personal consumption among Americans
The iPhone has been purchased by millions of people and has revolutionized the ways phones function in society. This shows that increased consumption patterns:
b. influences not just the economy but also culture
McDonaldization is a concept that describes:
b. the creation of rational systems that can guide mass production
There are four defining characteristics of McDonaldization. Which of the following is NOT one of these characteristics?
One of the four defining characteristics of McDonaldization is predictability. What does predictability refer to here?
b. The ability to predict one’s experience across different settings
When it comes to the digital world, which of the following questions IS LEAST LIKELY to be a research interest of sociology:
c. How does the increase in technology affect cognitive growth of teenagers?
Dr. Ritzer presents three main concerns as the centerpiece for his text. These concerns are:
a. globalization, consumption, and the digital world
As a college student, the choices in how to obtain your education are affected by which main sociological issue(s) that Dr. Ritzer presents in his text?
d. Three interrelated themes of globalization, consumption, and the digital world
The Power Elite was written by:
B. C. Wright Mills
c. C. Wright Mills
a. Sociological imagination
d. the links between private troubles and public issues using sociological imagination
a. Karl Marx
c. dangerous giants
b. Auguste Comte
___________ allow(s) a group of people or a society to carry out their collective lives in relative order and harmony.
c. material culture
d. material culture
d. Symbolic culture
d. ideal culture; real culture
c. cultural relativism
c. Cultural relativism
c. culture war
b. conspicuous consumption
b. cultural imperialism
b. identity politics
d.the direct marketing of consumer items to children