Directing 4.4 Study Guide
Hebrew meaning container; a casket made entirely of wood and contains no metal parts.
Define Bar Minen
Hebrew term for the deceased.
Define Chevrah Kaddish
Hebrew meaning "Holy Society;" a group of men or women from the Synagogue who care for the dead; they may be referred to by laymen as the "washers;" in the past, took care of all funeral arrangements and preparations for Jewish funerals.
Describe El Malei Rachamin
In the Jewish faith, a memorial service; literally "God full of compassion;" usually the last prayer of the funeral service; sometimes referred to as the Malei.
In the Jewish faith, a eulogy or true evaluation of the deceased's life that is a part of the funeral service.
In the Jewish faith, a prayer recited for the deceased by the direct mourners (parents, siblings, spouse, children) for the first time at the conclusion of interment service. It is subsequently recited by children for parents at every service for eleven months. All other categories of mourners have the obligation to say the Kaddish for 30 days.
In the Jewish faith, the grave.
In the Jewish faith, the burial.
Hebrew meaning rending or tearing; a symbol of grief; a tear in the upper corner of the garment or a tear on a symbolic ribbon which is worn by the survivors.
In the Jewish faith, the funeral cortege.
In the Jewish faith, a candelabrum with a central stem bearing seven candles; it is the oldest symbol in Judaism.
What is the oldest symbol of the Jewish faith?
Another name for the star of David
A teacher or ordained leader in the Jewish faith.
The Jewish Sabbath; begins at sundown Friday and ends at sundown Saturday.
In the Jewish faith, a seven (7) day mourning period.
Meaning 30 in the Jewish faith; the 30-day mourning period.
In the Jewish faith, a watcher; one who sits with the body until burial.
A Jewish place of worship.
A hand-sewn white linen shroud in which the deceased members of the Jewish faith are dressed.
In the Jewish faith, the ceremony of washing the deceased before the burial; serves as a ritual purification or cleansing of the body and should be performed by the Chevra Kaddisha.
A prayer shawl worn by men during the morning prayer service in the Jewish faith.
In the Jewish faith, the anniversary of the death.
In the Jewish faith, the skull cap worn by the men at temple services and funeral services.
Another name for a Yamaka
In the Jewish faith, a memorial service recited four times a year.
Differentiate between the terms Jewish, Hebrew, and Israeli
Jewish - a religious term which defines the religion to which one may belong;
Hebrew - an ethnic term; defines the ethnicity of a person;
Israeli - a political term; defines the nationality of a person
List and describe the 4 Jewish Mourning Periods
Shivah - 7 days, shivah candle, do nothing, Kaddish prayer in evening, mirrors covered;
Sholoshim - 30 days, abstain from festivals/amusement, Kriah ribbon/button is worn;
Shanna - 11 month extension of Sholoshim by immediate family;
Yahrzeit - anniversary of death, Kaddish is recited each year on anniversary of death
For how long after a death, is the Kriah ribbon traditionally worn?
List and describe the 3 main Jewish sects.
Orthodox - most traditional;
Conservative - moderately liberal;
Reform - most liberal
For an Orthodox Jew, would embalming be allowed?
Describe the functions performed by the Chevrah Kaddisha.
Ceremonial washing, prayers, Tahara dressing in a Tachrichim, and placement into an Aron
For an Orthodox Jewish deceased, would cremation traditionally be allowed?
Describe the Aron.
Wood with no metal parts, Mogen David usually attached to top
List the religious items that may be placed on or near the casket during a Jewish Visitation.
Mogen David attached to top of Aron; Menorah placed near head of casket; Mogen David behind casket; pall over casket
What functions would the shomer fill during the visitation?
Recite prayers/chants, stay with body, watcher
List the 3 times a Jewish male would wear to the funeral of his wife or father.
Kriah; Yamaka; Tallith
in the Jewish faith, prayers said before the funeral by a group of friends and the shomer; prayers are from Psalms
Describe the scene at a Jewish Cemetery at the time of burial.
Rabbi leads from casket coach to grave space; walking procession may stop several times for prayers; casket lowered using grave straps for Orthodox, lowering device for conservative & reform; family may assist in filling the grave (Orthodox) and may turn shovel backward - burying a loved one isn't easy; Jewish cemetery - no outer burial container, non-Jewish cemetery - wooden OBC