Chapter 1 The Language of Anatomy
A - buccal
pertaining to the fingers
D - digital
shoulder blade region
F - scapular
anterior aspect of knee
E - patellar
heel of foot
B - calcaneal
pertaining to the head
C - cephalic
antecubital, brachial, crural, femoral, fibular, popliteal, sural
abdominal, cervical, gluteal, lumbar, occipital, oral, pubic, thoracic, umbilical
Describe completely the standard human anatomical position.
The body is erect with feet slightly apart. The palms face forward and the thumbs point away from the body.
A cut along an imaginary plane through the body wall or organ.
In the anatomical position, the face and palms are on the ____ body surface;
the buttocks and shoulder blades are on the ___ body surface;
and the top of the head is the most ___ part of the body.
The ears are ____ and ____ to the shoulders and ____ to the nose.
The heart is ____ to the vertebral column (spine) and ____ to the lungs.
The elbow is ___ to the fingers but ___ to the shoulder.
The abdominopelvic cavity is ___ to the thoracic cavity and ___ to the spinal cavity.
In humans, the dorsal surface can also be called the ___ surface; however, in quadruped animals, the dorsal surface is the ___ surface.
If an incision cuts the heart into right and left parts, the section is a ___ section; but if the heart is cut so that superior and inferior portions result, the section is a ___ section.
You are told to cut a dissection animal along two planes so that both kidneys are observable in each section. The two sections that will always meet this requirement are the ___ and ___ sections.
A section that demonstrates the continuity between the spinal and cranial cavities is a ___ section.
Correctly identify each of the body planes by inserting the appropriate term for each on the answer line below the drawing.
Correctly identify each of the nine area of the abdominal surfaces by inserting the appropriate term for each of the letters indicated in the drawing.
a - epigstric
b - right hypochondriac region
c - left hypochondriac region
d - umbilical region
e - right lumbar region
f - left lumbar region
g - hypogastric (pubic) region
h - right iliac (inguinal) region
i - left iliac (inguinal) region
surgery to remove a cancerous lung lobe
removal of the uterus
removal of a brain tumor
stomach ulcer operation
delivery of pre-operative "saddle" anesthesia
Name the muscle that subdivides the ventral body cavity.
Which organ system would not be represented in any of the body cavities?
integumentary, skeletal, muscular
What are the bony landmarks of the abdominopelvic cavity?
dorsally, the vertebral column; laterally and anteriorly, the pelvis
Which body cavity affords the least protection to its internal structures?
What is the function of the serous membranes of the body?
To cover the organs and produce a lubricating fluid that reduces friction as organs slide across one another or against cavity walls during function.
holds the eyes in an anterior-facing position
houses three tiny bones involved in hearing
middle ear cavity
contained within the nose
contains the tongue
lines a joint cavity
Question 17 completing the flowchart
contained within the skull and vertebral column
1-dorsal body cavity
houses female reproductive organs
the most protective body cavity
its name means belly
2-ventral or 7-abdomen
contains the heart
contains the small intestine
bounded by the ribs
its walls are muscular