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Heredity & Genetics Vocab

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created 2 years ago by 21elovell
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1

Genetics

Study of heredity and the variation of inherited characteristics.

2

Heredity

The passing on of physical or mental characteristics genetically from one generation to another

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Allele

Alternative form of a gene for each variation of a trait of an organism

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Gregor Mendal

Moravian scientist who founded the modern science of genetics

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Hybrid

Offspring formed by parents having different forms of a trait

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Dominant

Observed trait of an organism that masks a recessive form of a trait

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Recessive

Trait of an organism that can be masked by the dominant form of a trait

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Punnett square

Diagram that is used to predict an outcome of cross breeding

9

Genotype

Combination of genes in an organism

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Phenotype

Outward appearence of an organism regardless of its genes

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Pedigree

recorded ancestry of a person or family

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Homozygous

Two identical alleles for a trait

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Heterozygous

Pair of matching alleles

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Incomplete dominance

Where one gene or allele doesn't over power another

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Polygenic dominance

Trait that is produced by the interaction of many genes

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Sex-linked gene

Gene that is only carried by the male or female

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Genetic engineering

Method of cutting DNA fro. One organism and inserting it into a host organism of the same or different species

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Mutation

Any change or random error in a DNA sequence

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Speciation

Process of evolution of new species that occur when members of similar populations no longer interbreed to produce fertile offspring within their natural environment

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Biotechnology

The use of microorganisms to perform specific industrial or manufacturing processes

21

Punctuated equilibrium

The theory that the evolution of life on earth flows in a pattern

22

Mendelian Latterns of Inheritance

Conditions caused by a mutation in a single gene


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